The history, starting in 2009, is in Section 1 here: https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/46755/attachments/3/translations/en/renditions/nativeProbably not. More than likely what would have happened is that the USB Implementers Forum would have gone to the EU and said "We've got a new and improved version" and the EU would have said "Okay, devices manufactured past X date have to use the new standard".
Remember, the EU isn't anti-technology or anti-change. The whole point of this directive is stopping consumers being locked into a particular manufacturer due to propriety connectors.
A couple of quotes from what is a long and wordy document:
In June 2009, following a request from the Commission, major producers of mobile
telephones agreed to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on harmonising chargers
for data-enabled mobile phones sold in the EU1. The signatories agreed to develop a common
specification based on the USB 2.0 micro-B interface, which would allow full charging
compatibility with the mobile phones to be placed on the market.
In March 2018,
following several rounds of discussion among the relevant manufacturers and exchanges of
views with the Commission, the industry proposed a new MoU on a future common charging
solution for smartphones. However, the Commission did not consider the new MoU to be
satisfactory as it is not in line with the EU’s harmonisation objectives, which seek to limit
fragmentation of charging solutions (both the charging interfaces and the charging
communication protocols) for mobile phones and similar items of radio equipment. The
proposed new MoU continued to allow for proprietary solutions (vendor-specific connection
means), which the Commission no longer considers justified in view of the technical
advantages provided by the introduction of the USB Type-C interface.