Over the past few years one hourly service from one of several stations I sometimes travel from has been moved from 2 minutes before each hour (i.e. scheduled at xx:58) to 1 minute after each hour (xx:01). This 3-minute change may seem insignificant, but it means that what was the off-peak 15:58 now departs in the peak at 16:01. As this is a very significant fare increase to arrive at your destination later than before, it seems likely that passengers wishing to travel around 4pm will have left to overcrowd the train half an hour earlier - or, even more likely, the local buses. My fare questions are: - have there been any cases of TOCs reclassifying trains which would be peak as off-peak to solve this kind of problem? - are there many examples of this happening?