Sorry but local authorities in Nottingham and Brighton have already shown that improving bus infrastructure is not pre-decated on franchising. How we use space in our cities isn't dependant on who runs the buses but how we seek to choose to that space. If you look at Danish social planning (bit of niche subject, I grant you), it is all about a holistic view to living. That includes a gradual weaning ourselves off the car addiction in various ways. Yes by improving public transport in various ways and also reining in public car usage. Copenhagen have reduced roadside car parking by 3% a year; Liverpool removes dedicated bus lanes. Not difficult to see who values their public transport and their cars. And in Bristol, it's not that we've reached the limit of what can be done in a deregulated environment. That does mean we should have car parking spaces in peak hour bus lanes! The lack of regulation and enforcement is also shocking - watching buses trying to exit a bus lane into regular because its path is blocked by some UPS or DHL van has parked up, hazards on, to deliver some more plastic tat from China! That would happen come what may. Overbussing on routes is largely confined to the past. Aside from places like West Lothian and Southampton, the usual challenge is that bus companies have either established local monopolies or sit in some non-aggression pact with their neighbours. These perceived savings aren't there and, as you acknowledge, commercial bus operations have already largely disappeared alongside the GM Busway. Such has been the abstraction of trade that the former parallel services have been pared back. The same is clear on other major corridors - the big money spinning routes that First had in north Manchester between Oldham and Manchester have been decimated by the tram (though I seem to recall someone trying to argue that they hadn't). Same with services along Washway Road towards Altrincham. If I had any faith in our local politicians, I might be more pre-disposed to ideas of franchising. However, there's a lot of things that they have singularly failed to do. Go for the "low hanging fruit"..... nah, too easy to do that. Doesn't smack of "doing something".